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Exploring the Different Types of Commercial Trucking Insurance


The trucking industry plays a vital role in the global economy, transporting goods across vast distances and ensuring supply chains remain intact. However, with this essential role comes inherent risks and potential liabilities. That’s where commercial trucking insurance comes into play. This specialized form of insurance provides protection for trucking companies, their drivers, and the cargo they transport. In this blog post, we’ll explore the various types of commercial trucking insurance available and their importance in mitigating risks. Portal Insurance can help customize a policy for your business.

  1. Primary Liability Insurance: Primary liability insurance is the most fundamental type of insurance coverage required for commercial trucking operations. It provides coverage for bodily injury and property damage liabilities resulting from accidents caused by the insured truck driver. This coverage is mandatory in most jurisdictions and typically includes limits for both personal injury and property damage claims.
  2. Physical Damage Insurance: Physical damage insurance is designed to protect the insured truck against damages resulting from collision, theft, fire, vandalism, or other perils. This coverage typically includes comprehensive and collision insurance. Comprehensive coverage protects against non-collision incidents such as theft or fire, while collision coverage provides compensation for damages incurred in accidents with other vehicles or objects.
  3. Cargo Insurance: Cargo insurance covers the value of the goods being transported by the insured truck. It protects against loss or damage to the cargo caused by accidents, theft, fire, or other covered events. Cargo insurance is crucial for trucking companies as it provides financial protection against potential claims from clients for damaged or lost goods during transit.
  4. Bobtail Insurance: Bobtail insurance, also known as non-trucking liability insurance, covers liability when a truck is being operated without a trailer or cargo. It protects truckers when they are driving their trucks for personal use or returning from a delivery without any load. Bobtail insurance is particularly beneficial for owner-operators who use their trucks for non-business purposes as it offers liability coverage during those non-business activities.
  5. Motor Truck Cargo Insurance: Motor truck cargo insurance specifically focuses on protecting the cargo being transported by the truck. It provides coverage for loss or damage to the goods resulting from accidents, theft, fire, or other covered perils. Motor truck cargo insurance is essential for trucking companies as it safeguards the value of the goods they transport and ensures they can compensate their clients in the event of cargo loss or damage.
  6. General Liability Insurance: General liability insurance provides coverage for claims arising from non-trucking-related incidents. It protects trucking companies against liabilities such as bodily injury or property damage caused by activities not directly related to their trucking operations. This can include slip and fall accidents at their facilities, advertising-related claims, or damage caused by their employees while not operating a truck.


Commercial trucking insurance is a critical component of managing risks and protecting the assets of trucking companies and drivers. By understanding the different types of insurance available, trucking professionals can ensure they have the necessary coverage to navigate the unique challenges of the industry. From primary liability insurance to cargo insurance and beyond, each type of coverage plays a crucial role in safeguarding against potential liabilities and ensuring the smooth operation of the trucking business. Prioritizing comprehensive insurance coverage is a wise decision for any trucking operation looking to mitigate risks and protect their financial well-being. Let Portal Insurance help customize your policy today

Bradley Flowers
Bradley Flowers

Thanks so much for the opportunity to assist with your insurance! Rest assured, we'll leave no stone unturned in our effort to find you the best combination of cost, and coverage.

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